Development of Legal Profession in India Introduction

The history of the legal profession in India dates back to the founding of the first British court in Bombay in 1672 by the respective governor Aungier. The admission of lawyers was placed in the hands of the Governor in council and not in court. Before the establishment of the great courts in Madras and Calcutta in 1726, there were no legal experts in India. Until the creation of the Mayor`s Court, there was no established legal profession. Lawyers lacked legal training and some officials in the mayor`s court were dismissed as servants of the British East India Company. There have been several years that have played an important role in the establishment of courts in India. The Indian Bar Association is headed by a President and a Vice-President, who are decided by the members of the Board for a period of several years. Each of the states of India has a State Bar Council. Each of the State Councils of the Bar has a specific set of contributors who rely on the numerical power of the lawyers on their lists, who are elected as contributors to the Council of the State Bar in accordance with the proportional presentation system. The legal profession in India that exists today is the result of the legal system formulated by the British in the 18th century. The rules of practice were first introduced in India in 1726 when the Court of Registration of the three presidential cities of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay was established on 24 September 1726 by a charter issued by King George 1.

In 1774, the Supreme Court of Fort William in Bengal was established by a charter issued by King George 2. The legal profession in India is one of the largest in the world. It has recruited more than 1.4 million supporters. Its long history has evolved until we are where we are now and we continue to evolve. The purpose of the law is to preserve the moral sanctity that unites society. Therefore, the term „legal profession” is a noble profession. It is a service-oriented profession that aims to serve society. Submit your article via our online form Click here Note* We only accept original articles, we do not accept articles that have already been published on other websites. For more information, please contact: The legal profession is an important branch of the judicial process. Without a well-organized legal profession, courts would not be able to administer justice effectively because evidence for or against the parties to a lawsuit cannot be adequately collected, facts cannot be adequately expressed, and the best legal arguments in support of or against the parties` case cannot be presented in court. Although it has a federal structure, the distinctive character of India, according to the constitution, affects the country from having a merged bar. The pre-constitutional legal framework had to undergo a change on the stage of the struggle of the Indian people in order to achieve their liberation from the colonial rulers and finally the adoption of a democratic-republican constitution.

The legal profession has always been an important link in the administration of justice. Without the profession of lawyer, the courts would not be able to act effectively and administer justice because evidence in support of or against the parties to an application cannot be lawfully collected, the facts cannot be adequately formulated, and the appropriate legal arguments for or against the parties` case cannot be presented in court. „A well-organized system of judicial administration suggests a well-equipped and competent bar.” The modern legal profession in India has border roots and emerged with the advent of the mayor`s courts in Madras and Calcutta in 1726. However, it was not until 1846 that the Lawyer Act opened the doors of the profession to all those who were duly qualified, certified and of good character, without distinction as to nationality or religion. Women were still excluded from the profession at that time, only to be admitted by the Women Legal Practitioners Act iii of 1923. The legal profession in India, which includes both the practice of law and professional legal education, is governed by the Lawyers Act 1961. The Bar Council of India (BCI) is provided for by the Lawyers Act as the body responsible for regulating the minimum standards to be adhered to by institutions providing legal education in India. The reform of legal education in India, carried out since the late 1980s at the initiative of the BCI, the University Grants Commission (UGC), the Law Commission of India and various state governments, has led to the establishment of various national law schools in India over the past two decades. India has the second largest avocado population in the world, after the United States. Many people have admitted that legal practice in India has gradually grown from around 70,000 at the time of independence in 1947 to around 1.25 million in 2014.

India has a recorded legitimate history that begins since Vedic times, and some sort of common law framework may have been established in the mid-Bronze Age and Indus Valley civilization. Be that as it may, the further development of the „law” as a vocation is only a late miracle. India`s legitimate vocation is one of the most important on the planet and plays a fundamental role in the largest voting-based system on the planet. While the foundations of this vocation lie before independence, the vocation has evolved enormously from that moment on and now faces other difficulties; The most urgent thing is to grant access through vocation, to guarantee moral institutions and to modernize the practice, no matter how you look at it.