The Italian government approved the use of Tasers in January after a two-year trial and opened a tender process for the purchase of nearly 4,500 stun guns to be distributed among various law enforcement agencies. Police chief Franco Gabrielli said in March that the next phase would include a period of training and „operational experimentation” in half a dozen cities. There are prototypes of stun guns that replace the solid wire with a flow of conductive liquid (e.g., metal solution, salt water), which increases the range of an AI Taser (or better) and the possibility of multiple shots. According to proponents of this technology, among the difficulties associated with this experimental design are:  TASER devices are considered firearms by the U.S. government for the purpose of protecting the Second Amendment, the right to keep and carry firearms.  They can be worn legally (hidden or open) without permission in almost any state.  Their use in Connecticut, Illinois and Wisconsin is legal with restrictions.  Previously, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the Massachusetts Supreme Court in Caetano. However, when the case was taken into custody, the state rejected the charges and allowed it to maintain its ban on stun guns at the time.  The law remained in force, but was challenged in a separate lawsuit.   Am 17. In April 2018, the Massachusetts Supreme Court of Justice was appointed in Ramirez v.
The Commonwealth ruled that the state`s ban on stun guns in 2004 was unconstitutional.    Under the Kenyan Firearms Act, a Taser is considered a firearm under paragraph 2(a)(ii) of the Act. The section provides one of the descriptions of a firearm as „a lethal barrel weapon of any kind from which any shot, bullet or other missile can be fired or which can be adapted for the discharge of a shot, bullet or other missile, and contains. an electric charge that, when struck by a person or animal, is of sufficient force to temporarily knock out and deactivate the affected person or animal (this weapon is commonly referred to as a „stun gun” or „electronic paralyzer”). 61] The municipal police were banned from using Tasers last September when the Council of State, the government`s legal advisers, warned that officers were not properly monitored or trained in the use of the device. PARIS (AP) — Less than a week after the France announced it would drop police strangulations, the government responded to growing discontent among officials by announcing it would test stun guns for wider use and expand the ranks of European law enforcement agencies that recently introduced the weapons that many in the United States equate to excessive police violence. Concerns about the use of electric weapons have arisen in the wake of cases, including the death of Polish immigrant Robert Dziekanski at the Vancouver airport in British Columbia, where he died after the RCMP officer repeatedly knocked him out with a CEW TASER despite his training. The report by forensic pathologist Charles Lee of the Vancouver General Hospital listed the leading cause of death as „sudden death during restraint,” with a contributing factor of „chronic alcoholism.”  Crawford County and the Town of Denison (part of Crawford County) prohibit stun guns.   In Finland, possession of an AI Taser is only legal for police officers. Police have been using AI Tasers since 2005.
Nowadays, there is one in almost every patrol car.   Jack Cover, a NASA researcher, began developing the Taser in 1969. By 1974, he had completed the device, which he named after his childhood hero Tom Swift („Thomas A. Swift`s Electric Rifle”).  The Public Defender Taser used gunpowder as a propellant, prompting the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to classify it as a firearm in 1976.   Cover`s patent was adapted in 1983 by Nova Technologies for the Nova XR-5000, their first manual-style projectile-free stun gun.  The design of the XR-5000 was widely copied as the source of the compact portable stun gun used today. With the legalization of carrying concealed firearms in 2011, Wisconsin also legalized the possession of stun guns for licensed individuals.   Rhode Island`s ban on stun guns was declared unconstitutional in March 2022.   In March 2016, the U.S.
Supreme Court ruled in Caetano v. Massachusetts that the Massachusetts Supreme Court erred in its reasoning in upholding a law prohibiting the possession of stun guns. While the decision did not explicitly rule that the bans on stun guns are unconstitutional, it created doubts about the laws prohibiting their possession, which led to numerous legal challenges and the subsequent legalization of the possession of stun guns in previously prohibitive jurisdictions.  But stun guns are increasingly the weapon of choice for European law enforcement, as they have been for years in the United States, where they are seen as effective protection for officials trying to arrest violent suspects. In Atlanta, just hours after the Announcement of the French stun gun on Friday, an apparently routine sobriety check outside a Wendy`s restaurant ended in gunfire after Rayshard Brooks grabbed a Taser from police officers and fled. Bellingham lifted its ban on stun guns in 2016.  Tacoma`s ban was lifted on September 27. June 2017.  Ruston maintains its ban.
On November 15, 2016, it was reported that New Jersey Attorney General Christopher Porrino had admitted that the state`s 1985 ban on stun guns was unconstitutional.   On April 26, 2017, the prosecution was settled by agreeing that the ban was unconstitutional and that regulations would be issued authorizing the possession of stun guns.  The rules allow people over the age of 18 to purchase stun guns, which will come into effect on October 20, 2017.  Compact handheld stun guns are about the size of a remote control or TELEVISION calculator and must touch the subject when in use. The original design of the 1983 XR-5000 looked at the electrodes farther apart to make the strong arc between the electrodes more visible as a more visible warning. Some of these devices are available disguised as other items, such as umbrellas, mobile phones or pens. The final decision on whether the stun guns will be approved rests with the mayors of each municipality. An anesthetic belt is a belt fastened around the subject`s waist, leg, or arm carrying a battery and control set, and contains features that prevent the subject from releasing or removing it. A remote control signal is sent to ask the control package to give the subject an electric shock. Some patterns are activated by the movement of the subject.